Definition of CLASS


CLASS

The order according to which are arranged or distributed,
or are supposed to be arranged or distributed, divers persons or things;
thus we say, a class of legatees.

2. When a legacy is given to a class of individuals, all who answer the
description at the time the will takes effect, are entitled; and though
the expression be in the plural, yet if there be but one, he shall take
the whole. 3 M"Cord, Ch. R. 440.

3. When a bond is given to a class of persons, it is good, and all composing
that class are entitled to sue upon it; but if the obligor be a member of
such class, the bond is void, because a man cannot be obligor and obligee
at the same-time; as, if a bond be given to the justices of the county court,
and at the time the obligor is himself one of said justices. 3 Dev. 284,
287,289; 4 Dev. 882.

4. When a charge is made against a class of society, a profession, an order
or body of men, and cannot possibly import a personal application to private
injury, no action lies; but if any one of the class have sustained special
damages inconsequence of such charge, he may maintain an action. 17 Wend.
52, 23, 186. See 12 John. 475. When the charge is against one of a class,
without designating which, no action lies; as, where three persons had been
examined as witnesses, and the defendant said in addressing himself to them,
" one of you three is perjured." 1 Roll. Ab. 81; Cro. Jac. 107;
16 Pick. 132.

Source: Bouviers Law Dictionary 1856 Edition

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