civil law. Signifies generally the kindred which exists
between two persons who are united by ties of blood or family, or both.
2. Cognation is of -three kinds: natural, civil, or mixed. Natural cognation
is that which is alone formed by ties of blood; such is the kindred of those
who owe their origin to an illicit connexion, either in relation to their
ascendants or collaterals.
3. Civil cognation is that which proceeds alone from the ties of families
as the kindred between the adopted father and the adopted child.
4. Mixed cognation is that which unites at the same time the ties of blood
and family, as that which exists between brothers, the issue of the same
lawful marriage. 6; Dig. 38, 10.
Source: Bouviers Law Dictionary 1856 Edition
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