Definition of COGNOMEN


COGNOMEN

A Latin word, which signifies a family name. The praenomen
among the Romans distinguished the person, the nomen, the gens, or all the
kindred descended from a remote common stock through males, while the cognomen
denoted the particular family. The agnomen was added on account of some
particular event, as a further distinction. Thus, in the designation Publius
Cornelius Scipio Africanus, Publius is the proenomen, Cornelius is the nomen,
Scipio the cognomen, and Africanus the agnomen. Vicat. These several terms
occur frequently in the Roman laws. See Cas. temp. Hardw. 286; 1 Tayl. 148.
See Name; Surname.

Source: Bouviers Law Dictionary 1856 Edition

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