Definition of ELECTORS OF PRESIDENT


ELECTORS OF PRESIDENT

Persons elected by the people, whose sole
duty is
to elect a president and vice-president of the U. S.

2. The Constitution provides, Am. art. 12, that "the electors shall meet
in their respective states, and vote by ballot for president and
vice-president, one of whom at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same
state with themselves, they shall name in their ballots the person voted
for as president, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as
vice-president, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted fur
as president, and of all persons voted for as vice-president, and of the
number of votes for each, which list they shall sign and certify, and
transmit, sealed, to the seat of the government of the United States,
directed to the president of the senate, the president of the senate shall,
in the presence of the senate and the house of representatives, open all
the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted, the person having
the greatest number of, votes for president, shall be the president, if
such number be the majority of the whole number of electors appointed, and
if no, person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest
numbers, not exceeding three, on the list of those voted for as president,
the house of representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the
president. But in choosing the president, the votes shall be taken by
states, the representation from each state having one vote, a quorum, for
this purpose, shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the
states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice.
And if the house of representatives shall not choose a president whenever
the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March
next following, then the vice-president shall act as president, as in the
case of the death or other constitutional disability of the president.

3. - 2. "The person having the greatest number of votes as vice-president
shall be vice-president, if such number be a majority of the whole number
of electors appointed and if no person have a majority, them from the two
highest numbers on the list, the senate shall choose the vice-president, a
quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of
senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a
choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of
president, shall be eligible to that of vice-president of the United
States." Vide 3 Story, Const. 1448 to 1470.


Source: Bouviers Law Dictionary 1856 Edition

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