A separate and distinct community or body of the
aboriginal Indian race of men found in the United States.
2. Such a tribe, situated within the boundaries of a state, and
exercising the powers of government and, sovereignty, under the
national government, is deemed politically a state; that is, a
distinct political society, capable of self-government; but it is
not deemed a foreign state, in the sense of the constitution. It is
rather a domestic dependent nation. Such a tribe may properly be
deemed in a state of pupilage and its relation to the United States
resembles that of a ward to a guardian. 5 Pet. R. 1, 16, 17; 20
John. R. 193; 3 Kent, Com. 308 to 318; Story on Const.
1096; 4 How. U. S. 567; 1 McLean, 254; 6 Hill, 546; 8 Ala. R. 48.
Source: Bouviers Law Dictionary 1856 Edition
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