Definition of YEAR.


YEAR.

The period in which the revolution of the earth round
the sun, and the accompanying changes in the order of nature,
are completed.


2. The civil year differs from the astronomical, the latter being
composed of 365 days, 5 hours, 48 seconds and a fraction, while
the former consists, sometimes of three hundred and sixty-five
days, and at others, in leap years, of three hundred and sixty-six
days.


3. The year is divided into half-year which consists, according
to Co. Litt. 135 b, of 182 days, and quarter of a year, which
consists of 91 days, Ibid. and 2 Roll. Ab. 521, 1. 40. It is further
divided into twelve months.


4. The civil year commences immediately after twelve oclock at
night of the thirty-first day of December, that is the first moment
of the first day of January, and ends at midnight of the thirty-first
day of December, twelve mouths thereafter. Vide Com. Dig. Ann.,
2 Bl. Com. by Chitty, 140, n., Chitt. Pr. Index tit. Time alteration
of the calendar (q. v.) from old to new style in England, (see
Bissextile,) and the colonies of that country in America, the
year in chronological reckoning was supposed to cornmence with
the first day of January, although the legal year did not commence
until March 25th, the intermediate time being doubly indicated:
thus February 15, 1724, and so on. This mode of reckoning was
altered by the statute 24 Geo. II. cap. 23, which gave rise to
an act of assembly of Pennsylvania, passed March 11, 1752, 1 Sm.
Laws, 217, conforming thereto, and also to the repeal of the act
of 1710.


5. In New York it is enacted that whenever the term ",year",
or ",years", is or shall be used in any statute, deed,
verbal or written contract, or any public or private instrument
whatever, the year intended shall be taken to consist of three
hundred and sixty-five days, half a year of a hundred and eighty-two
days, and a quarter of a year of ninety-two days, and the day
of a leap year, and the day immediately preceeding, if they shall
occur in any period so to be computed, shall be reckoned together
as one day. Rev. Stat. part 1, c. 19, t. 1, ,3.


Source: Bouviers Law Dictionary 1856 Edition

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